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:''"Homer", "Homeric", and "Homerus" redirect here. For other uses, see Homer (disambiguation), Homeric (disambiguation), Homerus (disambiguation) '''Homer''' ( , ''Hómēros'') is best known as the author of the ''Iliad'' and the ''Odyssey''. He was believed by the ancient Greeks to have been the first and greatest of the Epic poetry|epic poets. Author of the first known literature of Europe, he had a lasting effect on the Western canon. Whether and when he lived is unknown. Herodotus estimates that Homer lived 400 years before his own time, which would place him at around 850 BCE.Herodotus 2.53. Life of Homer (Pseudo-Herodotus)|Pseudo-Herodotus estimates that he was born 622 years before Xerxes I placed a pontoon bridge over the Hellespont in 480 BCE, which would place him at 1102 BCE, 168 years after the Trojan War|fall of Troy in 1270 BCE. These two end points...
Birth nameRiver Meles|Melesigenes, as told in Pseudo-Herodotus
Birth datec. 8th century BCE, according to Herodotus
Birth placeSmyrna
Death placeIos (island)|Ios
Death causeunknown illness
ResidenceSmyrna, Cyme (Aeolis), Chios
ReligionPolytheism
Notable worksIliad, Odyssey, Homeric Hymns, Epic Cycle, other Homerica
EraGeometric art|Geometric Period
RegionShores and islands of the Aegean Sea
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A Prayer for World Harmony 2
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